Simplifying your lab experience
For the convenience of our patients, and to save time & money, Five Valleys Urology provides an accredited in-house lab for our patients. Our lab charges are significantly lower than facility-based testing services. We offer prostate specific antigen (PSA), testosterone level (TES), and Urinanlysis. Screening tests are an important part of preventative healthcare. The tests we provide offer a tool to find certain illnesses or conditions in their earliest and most curable stages, sometimes even before you notice symptoms.
Prostate Specific Antigen Test (PSA)
PSA testing screens for levels and trends that might indicate prostate cancer. The screening process helps determine the necessity for further treatment, such as a prostate biopsy, or to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for prostate cancer. PSA testing is also used to detect recurrence of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men. It is also the second leading cause of cancer death, after lung cancer. As many as 1 in 7 American men will develop it during their lifetime, with most cases diagnosed in men 65 years of age or older. Some prostate cancers progress quickly and cause death within months or a few years, but most grow slowly and never pose a major health threat.
When you have symptoms suggestive of prostate cancer such as difficult, painful, and/or frequent urination or other indicators for prostate cancer, screening is advised. PSA testing may also be ordered during and at regular intervals after prostate cancer treatment; in asymptomatic men, after a discussion with your provider about the benefits and harms of screening (For specific details, see prostate cancer screening for Adults and Adults 50 and Up).
Testosterone Levels Test (TES)
Testosterone is the main sex hormone in males. During puberty, testosterone causes the growth of body hair, muscle development, and deepening of the voice. In adult men, it controls sex drive, maintains muscle mass, and helps make sperm. Women also have testosterone in their bodies, but in much smaller amounts.
This test measures the levels of testosterone in your blood. Most of the testosterone in the blood is attached to proteins. Testosterone that is not attached to a protein is called free testosterone. There are two main types of testosterone tests:
- Total testosterone, which measures both attached and free testosterone
- Free testosterone, which measures just free testosterone. Free testosterone can give more information about certain medical conditions
Testosterone levels that are too low (low T) or too high (high T) can cause health problems in both men and women.
You may need this test if you have symptoms of abnormal testosterone levels. For adult men, it’s mostly ordered if there are symptoms of low T levels. For women, it’s mostly ordered if there are symptoms of high T levels.
Symptoms of low T levels in men include:
- Low sex drive
- Difficulty getting an erection
- Development of breast tissue
- Fertility problems
- Hair loss
- Weak bones
- Loss of muscle mass
- Hair Loss
TES testing can help you and your provider in diagnosing several conditions such as infertility, Erectile Dysfunction (ED), and tumors of the testicle
The urinalysis laboratory test helps your provider detect problems in the urine. Many illnesses and disorders affect how your body removes waste and toxins. Problems with your lungs, kidneys, skin, urinary tract, and bladder can affect the appearance, concentration, and content of your urine. UA testing is done if your provider suspects you may have a urinary tract infection, liver disease, or kidney disease. In certain cases, your UA may be sent to an outside lab for culture or to a lab for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. PCR testing identifies more bacteria than traditional urine culture in patients with symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI).
We may want to do UA testing if you experience certain symptoms, including:
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain
- Blood in your urine (hematuria)
- Painful urination (discomfort during urination that may originate in the bladder, urethra, or perineum)